Scenar - Is the pain bad enough to try something new?
 

Scenar and Emergency Pain Relief

 

Multifactor mechanisms in Scenar analgesia. 

Authors: Professor A.V. Tarakanov, and E.G. Los. Emergencies Department, Specialist Training Faculty, Rostov State Medical University  

Publication: Reflexology Journal, Issue No: 3 (7), 2005, Moscow, Russia 
 


Summary: 
 
The complex effect of SCENAR-therapy is demonstrated in emergency situations, when various conditions associated with acute pain are treated.

More than 40 doctors of emergency departments in 13 towns in the districts of Rostov, Stavropol, Nizhni Novgorod and Adigeia took part in this research. More than 500 patients were treated with Scenar.

The results of this monotherapy on pain: proved analgesic effect on traumas (n=20, 60%); analgesia against a background of normalized function of the system of organs at stenocardia (n=26, 66%) and hypertensive crises (n=153, 88-91% for cephalgia, and cardialgia respectively).

 

 
The issue of protecting patients against pain has an enormous humanistic importance. Pain is a signal of danger, a symptom of many diseases, the main reason for patients to suffer, and a basic pathophysiologic factor in developing shock.
 
When a patient faces adverse factors, adaptive mechanisms start so that the organism survives in new conditions. Activation of endogenous antinociception system is one of these general biological mechanisms. It is proved that realization of endogenous antionociception is performed through opiate and non-opiate systems in the  brain. Mechanisms of antinociception have been the subject of numerous comprehensive works, including acupuncture, electropuncture, and transcutaneous neurostimulation. [2,3,8,11]
 
It is known that pharmaceutical methods of analgesia are imitations of the functions of endogenous systems to protect against pain. They are important when performing mass analgesia. Starting the endogenous antinociception system is optimal when methods of reflexotherapy are used, and this method is more physiologic. The complexity of the methods, their invasiveness, impossibility to be used in extreme circumstances, lack of reliable and inexpensive equipment, and insufficiency of trained specialists are the factors that obstruct mass introduction of reflexological methods of analgesia.
 
Methods of transcutaneous bioregulated low-frequency impulsive electrotherapy have been used recently for non-pharmaceutical treatment, particularly using Self-Controlled Energy Neuroadaptive Regulator (SCENAR). This method is based on the effect of variable low frequency bipolar impulses.

The characteristics which distinguish SCENAR among electrical equipment for transcutaneous stimulation are: 

  • The optimal form of the impulse and the force of the effect. 
  • The body almost does not have to adapt to SCENAR impact due to its biotechnology feed-back. 
  • Non-damaging mode of impact. 
  • High level abruption of the front of the affecting signal with neutralization of the accommodation effect. 
  • Many researches have been performed to examine this treatment method. 
  • During the treatment, an expert evaluation of the dermal condition can be used to optimize the area of impact. 
  • The appliance is designed to work in various conditions. 

Applying SCENAR therapy is an issue of huge interest due to its availability, rapid positive effect, simplicity of treatment and steady result. 
 

RESEARCH OBJECTIVE 
 
Examining the possibilities of performing SCENAR therapy on various pathological processes accompanied by acute pain in emergency situations. 
 

MATERIALS AND METHODS 
 
Mobilizing the adaptive systems of the organism using SCENAR in conditions of acute damage were the reason for using the appliance in emergency situations.

The coordination of clinical tests according to a specially developed treatment map was performed by the Emergency department of the Faculty of Qualification and Improvement at Rostov State Medical University, and the Department of Clinical Tests at the “RITM” Development Bureau, in the town of Taganrog. Patients with acute pain in three different pathological processes were selected from the database: 1) traumatic injuries of limbs, soft tissue injuries (n=20); 2) steady stenocardia (n=26); 3) hyper-intensive crises (n=153). 
 
SCENAR therapy was performed on “anti-pain” points, and when necessary, general treatment zones were added: “three pathways on the back and six points on the face” and “collar zone, forehead, adrenals”. If there was no possibility of affecting the injured organ, work was done on symmetrical areas. Matching areas were treated using simplified SCENAR devices in F1 ("Subjective Mode").

The therapeutic procedure was performed only once by an emergency department doctor, as the duration of the procedure was 5-30 minutes long, depending on the effect. When the analgesia was ineffective, the doctor could inject analgesic medicine. To evaluate the effect of the analgesia in conditions of emergency, a visual analog scale (VAS) was used, where 0cm = lack of pain, 10cm = maximum pain.
 
The use of the “three pathways” protocol on the back and six points on the face was performed on the grounds that when processing paths 2 and 3, Shu-points of the back are included in the area of the impact of SCENAR(points of consent)[4, 10, 11], which are located on the urethra. The itinerary of path 1 is a non-pair rear middle meridian. When areas containing points VG1-VG4 are processed a therapeutic effect is marked on this channel at nervous system diseases, intestinal diseases, diseases of the urino-genital system. When areas containing points VG5-VG8 are processed a therapeutic effect is marked on this channel at nervous system diseases, diseases of gastric and intestinal system. The area of points from VG9 to VG14 - nervous system disorders, pulmonary diseases, fever.

Processing six points on the face enables to input information through all three terminations of the trigeminus nerve. On the other hand biologically active points of the channels are located in these areas. At least point V2 of the urethra, points E2 and E3 of the gastric channel and G120 of the large intestine, and point E4 of the gastric channel are included in the area of impact of SCENAR.
 
The method “collar, forehead, adrenals” is also related to the areas of general treatment. The use of protocols in this method is performed due to largely represented reflexogenic areas and biologically active points as the experience of SCENAR therapy shows [5, 12]. When the indicated itineraries are processed and when the dermal areas are processed “according to instructions”, the appliance may stick. In this case the electrode is not unstuck from the skin but is held on it until further movement becomes possible. If the appliance does not stick, then other kinds of so-called asymmetry can appear (hyperimia, change of the characteristics of the sound, different sensibility etc.). These dermal areas are processed additionally until initial characteristics are changed. 
 
 
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 
 
1. Trauma Pain.

Analgesia with the use of SCENAR was performed on small and medium traumas: lower limbs fracture (n=5), injuries of soft tissues – limbs, thorax, without damaging respiratory functions (n=9), I and II degree burns of face and abdominal wall (n=2). Cut wounds and bites (n=4).

There were nine men and 11 women aged from 11 to 82 (average age – 40.7±3.9). The patients were treated using general means: splinting, immobilization, non-adhesive bandages in cases of burn etc. The evaluation of the pain was performed using VAS before the analgesia with SCENAR, immediately after the procedure, and in the 10th and 20th minute. In the same periods of time, other complaints and symptoms were defined, as well as the parameters of hemodynamics. The data is shown in fig.1 below.

Scenar Pain Relief 1

 

Fig.1.

A - Dynamics of the analgesic effect of SCENAR during therapy of traumatic pains according to VAS.


B – Dynamics of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and pulse frequency of patients with traumatic pains. Reliability referring to data before SCENAR: * - P < 0.05; ***- P < 0.001; 
 

A distinct and reliable analgesic effect developed immediately after the procedure, almost without further increase by the 20th minute. Observations showed that the analgesic effect increases by the 50th – 60th minute. Because the emergency staff cannot follow the efficiency of the procedure for a long period of time, in several cases the doctor made the decision to inject additionally non-opiate analgesic medicine (analgine, ketorolac or ketonal). Only 8 out of 20 patients were injected analgesic medicines. Natural skepticism and caution should be noticed when doctors tested the new method.
 
We regard as an important factor the steadiness of the values of blood pressure. Reliable decrease of the average frequency of cardiac contractions from 85 to 81 beats per minute indirectly shows sympathetic tonus. Reliable change of respiratory frequency was not noticed and it was within normal limits. Decrease of other symptoms and complaints was noticed along with the analgesic effect, such as dizziness, nausea, excitedness and sensation of inhibition.
 
Independent analgesic effect developing on the background of steady parameters of blood pressure and decreasing symptoms accompanying the traumas is noticed during the process of analgesia using SCENAR for patients with small and medium traumas.


 
2. Pain in steady stenocardia tension of I-III functional class.
 
26 patients with ischemic cardiac disease, crises of pain during steady tension stenocardia of different functional classes were treated with SCENAR, as the patients had previous idiosyncrasy to nitrates or lack of efficiency of the nitrates. There were 14 men (average age – 63,1,7±2,5 years old), and 12 women (average age - 68.4±3.7 years old). 7 patients had arterial hypertonia as accompanying disease, and 3 of them had osteochondrosis of the backbone. This category of patients was additionally treated with SCENAR as the dermal area of the pericardial channel was processed in the lower part of the right forearm and the painful area on the thorax. 


Scenar Pain Relief 2

Fig.2.

A – Dynamics of the complete analgesic effect and number of residual pains (%) during analgesia of patients with attacks of stenocardia.


B - Dynamics of analgesia of patients with residual pains during SCENAR therapy, according to VAS. Reliability referring to SCENAR data: * - P < 0.05; ** - P < 0.02; *** - P < 0.001.
 
 
As can be seen in fig.2 (A) above, immediately after SCENAR treatment the pain completely disappeared for 46 % of the patients, and after 20 minutes, for 65% of the patients. 35% of the patients felt residual pain in the 20th minute of treatment, but the pain intensity was much less, which can be seen in fig 2 (B). These patients, most of whom had accompanying diseases, were offered additional therapy with  symptomatic medicines and non-opiate analgesics. Changes of parameters of blood pressure and pulse statistically did not differ for the category of patients with additional treatment and patients with SCENAR therapy. 
 
Using SCENAR for crises during steady tension stenocardia caused sufficient independent analgesic effect. 
 
 
3. Cardialgia and cephalgia in hypertensive crises. 
 
During SCENAR therapy for patients with neurovegetative form of hypertensive crises, normalization of blood pressure was sought as well as analgesia. A total of 153 patients were helped at their homes during emergency calls. To analyze the analgesic effect we divided the patients into 2 groups: with cephalgia (n=137, which forms 90% of the patients; among them 71 patients – 52% had cardialgia); separately data of patients with cardialgia were analyzed (n=78, which is 51% of the patients). Patients of this category were treated with SCENAR using the collar zone protocol, the area of pericardial channel, in the lower part of the right forearm, and dermal projections of maximal pain.

Scenar Pain Relief 3

 
Fig.3.

A – Dynamics of the complete analgesic effect and number of residual pains (%) during analgesia of patients with cardialgia at hypertensive crisis.


B - Dynamics of analgesia of patients with residual pains during SCENAR therapy, according to VAS. Reliability referring to SCENAR data: * - P < 0.05;  ** - P < 0.02; *** - P < 0.001.
 
In fig. 3 above, it can be seen that immediately after the procedure, cardiac pains disappeared for 61% of the patients, and by the 30th minute for 91% of the patients. By the 30th minute, residual pain was felt by only 9% of the patients. Their extent was much lower, as at stenocardia, which could be seen during evaluation using visual analog scale (fig. 3 B). This category of patients at times needed an additional injection of non-opiate analgesic. 

 

In fig.4 below, the effect of the appliance can be seen for cephalgia and hypertensive crises at the pre-hospital stage of treatment. Fig.4 A shows reliable and gradual elimination of pain. After the procedure the headache disappeared for 43%, and by the 30th minute, for 88% of patients.
 
For the remaining 12% with residual pain, its extent, according to VAS, was much lower than before the procedure (fig.4 B). Unidirectional elimination of pain in the cardiac area, and headaches was noticed during elimination of the hypertensive crisis. We analyzed the changes of parameters of blood pressure during SCENAR therapy.
 
Some patients took hypotensive medicines before the emergency staff arrived, which dramatically changes the efficiency of SCENAR. Naturally there was certain skepticism: was it SCENAR caused the effects, or was it previously taken medicines?
 

Scenar Pain Relief 4


 
Fig.4.

A – Dynamics of the complete analgesic effect and number of residual pains (%) during analgesia of patients with cephalgia at hypertensive crisis.


B - Dynamics of analgesia of patients with residual pains during SCENAR therapy, according to VAS. Reliability referring to SCENAR data: * - P < 0.05; ** - P < 0.02; *** - P < 0.001. 

 
This is why we divided all the patients into two groups: ones who took medicines and ones who did not take medicines before they called the emergency services and were treated with SCENAR. The patients who had taken hypotensive medicines before the emergency staff arrived (calcium antagonists, β-adrenoblockers, APF inhibitors etc) 30-90 minutes before that without any effect numbered 80 people (58 women, 22 men; average age – 61.1±4.9 years old). The group of patients who did not take medicines before calling emergency services had 73 people (52 women, 21 men; average age – 63.1±3.5 years old). The results are shown in fig.5.
 
As can be seen in the left part of the figure, the parameters of blood pressure for both groups did not differ before and after SCENAR treatment, against a background of general fall in blood pressure. 30 minutes before the end of the procedure the systolic blood pressure decreased 11-16%, and diastolic by 9–11%. This speed of decrease of blood pressure in the first 30 minutes is effective as cardialgia and cephalgia are eliminated it is safe for all ages.

A typical effect of the SCENAR therapy is first to eliminate the symptoms and then normalize objective parameters. The vegetative corrective effect of SCENAR therapy should be noticed as hyperhydrosis, nausea, vomiting and excitedness are eliminated. Further observation of some patients and the experience of elimination crises in hospital conditions show that average blood pressure decreases 15-25% within 1 hour, which does not lead to ischemia of targeted organs. A reliable decrease in frequency of cardiac contractions of 9% could be noticed when eliminating crises without the previous use of medicines (fig.5b) 

Scenar Pain Relief 5 

Fig.5.

A –  Dynamics  of  parameters  of  blood  pressure  during  SCENAR therapy  of hypertensive  crises    in  the  group  of  patients  who  had  taken  and  who  had  not taken hypotensive medicines before the emergency staff arrived.

 
B -  Dynamics of frequency of cardiac contractions in the same groups. Reliability referring to the data before SCENAR: * - P < 0.05

 


 Scenar Pain Relief 6
 
Fig.6. The dynamics of correlation coefficient depending on the decrease of systolic blood pressure and decrease of pain during cephalgia and cardialgia, according to VAS.
 
If the analgesic effect develops independently for patients with traumas, then during pain episodes in steady stenocardia and particularly hypertensive crises, the analgesia probably depends mostly on recovery of functions and decrease of ischemia: the decrease of system blood circulation and normalization of regional blood circulation including the coronary one.
 
We analyzed the dynamics of correlation coefficient depending on the decrease of systolic blood pressure and the extent of headaches and cardiac aches, according to the visual analog scale. The data is represented in fig.6. As can be seen in this figure, the correlation coefficient increases simultaneously with the decrease of the systolic blood pressure and decrease of values of extent of cardialgia and cephalgia, according to VAS. If in the beginning of the crisis the extent of the pain did not depend on the values of blood pressure, then SCENAR therapy led to an increase of the correlation to 0.41 and 0.48. Similar dynamics of close relation and its lack in the beginning of the crisis probably shows simultaneously developing effects of SCENAR: analgesic effect and normalising the functional system of blood pressure regulation. This way, the elimination of neurovegetative form of hypertensive crises using SCENAR (regardless of preliminary therapy) leads to a gradual decrease of blood pressure and frequency of cardiac contractions. Distinct analgesic effect of cephalgia and cardialgia is noticed, which probably has a mixed nature.
 
During the process of elimination of acute pain with different origins, three elements should be present in the algorithm: possible elimination of the cause of the pain; affecting the sensation of pain - perception; possible prophylactics of pathophysiological damage, which pain causes or will cause. As the experience with SCENAR shows, during the treatment of acute and chronic painful syndromes, the data presented in this article show the therapy's multi-factoral nature. The non-medical method of elimination of acute pain starts the endogenous antinociception and other mechanisms of recovering damaged functional systems. The analysis of the data obtained in traumatology and cardiology shows that the share of perceptual component of SCENAR analgesia is different depending on nosology, the level and the volume of the damage. It is not reasonable to rely on only one single method of analgesia and it is also dangerous for the patient, especially in emergencies.
 
Undoubtedly, the morphologic substrate of the analgesic effects of SCENAR therapy are the antinociceptional systems of the brain, activated by different areas on the skin. SCENAR works with these biologically active points – this a zonal appliance. Through its technology, it “finds” these points independently. As shown for acupuncture analgesia,   opioidergic, serotoninergic, catecholaminergic, cholinergic, gamkergic and possibly other mechanisms take part in its realization.
 
Some authors regard transcutaneous electro-stimulation as the most accessible and the simplest “hyperstimulation analgesia” available. If we proceed from the theory of Melzack and Wall (1965), the activity in the thin non-myelinized C-fibers located in the jelly substance of the rear horns of the spinal cord “opens the gates” to the further pass of nerve impulses bearing the information of pain. The role of the thick fibers consists in the ability to “close the gates”. One of the hypotheses of the analgesic effect of transcutaneous neurostimulation consists of the fact that the procedure leads to activation of thick myelinic fibers with subsequent “locking of the pain entrance”. The analgesic effect during the so-called dynamic neurostimulation is proved to be naloxone-dependent.
 
Using almost the same methods of SCENAR therapy and taking into consideration the principles of their application, we obtained unidirectional results: analgesic effect and final positive sanogenic result connected with normalisation of the changed functional system. Taking into consideration the limited volume of such a publication we can mention that similar unidirectional results were obtained during the process of therapy of acute myocardial infarction, burns, bronchial asthma of adults and infants etc. The simplicity of use of SCENAR allows us to recommend the use of this kind of analgesia in any conditions and if needed, by people without medical education. 
  
 

CONCLUSIONS

 
1. SCENAR therapy is an effective, safe and multifactoral non-pharmaceutical method of analgesia during treatment of different conditions accompanied by acute pain in cases of emergency.
 
2. During the process of analgesia using SCENAR the patients with small and medium trauma (n=20), an independent analgesic effect is noticed (60%) alongside steady reductions in blood pressure and symptoms accompanying the traumas.
 
3. Treating algic attacks from ischemic disease and steady tension stenocardia (n=26) with SCENAR causes a sufficient independent analgesic effect (66%).
 
4. The elimination of neurovegetative form of hypertensive crises (n=153) using SCENAR, regardless of preliminary medication leads to a gradual reliable decrease in heart rate and blood pressure by the 20th minute of the procedure, and by the 30th minute a distinct analgesia of cephalgia and cardialgia is noticed (88-91% respectively). 

 

 
 

 

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Terry Waller, Insurance Manager, London (Frozen Shoulder)

"After lifting some heavy machinery, I found that trying to raise my left arm above my waist was very painful. My osteopath told me I had a frozen shoulder and although I got some relief from his treatment, he said it could take up to 12 months for things to normalise. Some weeks later I was introduced to Paul and his Scenar equipment. I was a little sceptical at first but after 2-3 sessions I began to notice improvement. To my amazement, after just 8 sessions I realised that I could raise my left arm as high and easily as my right. It's now just over a year later and I have remained completely pain free ever since. There is no hard sell with Paul who I found to be very knowledgeable and a consummate professional."

 

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John Hayward, Engineer and Landscaper, Westham, Sussex (Neck + Shoulder Pain)

"The pain had reached levels that stopped my physical workload. The diagnosis was nerve compression due to an old injury to the C5/6/7 vertebrae. After four Scenar treatments, I was able to stop the painkillers. After three months and 10 treatments I can sleep on my side again, write and sign my signature fluently again, turn my head fully to the right and left..." 

Six months followup: "I'm doing heavy physical work again as part of my job, and despite needing occasional top-ups, I'm basically pain-free. Altogether, a phenomenal success."

 

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Don Elwick, Managing Director, Brighton Media Centre (Cracked Ribs)

"On December 21st, 2009, I went out running, slipped on some ice, and fell heavily on my back. A nurse and a doctor both confirmed I had two or three cracked ribs. I spent the next week hardly sleeping due to the pain. On December 29th I saw Paul Lowe for a Scenar treatment, and that night I slept properly again. Over the next few days, almost all the pain had gone. I had a second Scenar treatment January 1st, and on January 4th, the doctor found it hard to believe there was nothing left from the accident."

 

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Venus Villa, First Artist, The English National Ballet, London (Muscle Injury)

"I had a very painful injury to my leg and I tried several therapies. Scenar was the best for really deep healing. Thank you Paul."

 

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Tali Saar, Shiatsu and Cranio-Sacral Therapist, Lewes, Sussex (Bell's Palsy)

"I was treated by Paul Lowe for Bell's Palsy. Apart from facial paralysis, I had pain in my face and ear canal. The pains disappeared after the first two treatments, and soon there was a huge improvement in the paralysis and my energy levels. The treatments reminded me of a deep, relaxing place I had lost for many years. I experienced changes at many levels, far beyond my original symptoms. Paul has been both supportive and inspiring. He is a unique practitioner with vast knowledge in his field."

 

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Erica Yonge, Energy Therapist, Marlborough, Wiltshire (Back Pain)

"Paul, I just wanted to say thank you so much for sorting out my back problem so effectively with Scenar. I was told I had a potential herniated disc in my lower back, and I was in a lot of pain for many years. In recent months, I was frequently unable to stand up straight for minutes at a time. After six Scenar sessions, not only am I completely pain free in my back for the first time in years, but my posture has corrected itself naturally. I wouldn't have believed I could be this pain free after so many years of pain.

Eighteen months followup: My back is still very good and posture is better than it's ever been. If you weren't so far away, I'd come for regular top-ups!"

 

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Lucienne Atkinson, Business Owner, Oulston, Yorkshire  (Back Pain)

"Life had been years of debilitating pain. I was at my wit's end. Finding Paul Lowe and the Scenar treatment has been nothing short of a miracle for me. After two long treatments with him, the worst problem area for pain changed, almost disappeared."

18 months followup: "It's truly a miracle. I have gone back to the athletic person I was before. I can train hard on my mountain bike for 3 or 4 days in a row with no back pain!"

 

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Tim Cornwall, Works Manager, Herstmonceaux, Sussex (Slipped Disc)

"I've had hip and lower back problems for over 30 years. This episode was the worst I've had for two years: I could hardly walk or drive. Until now, I'd go to the chiropractor for several treatments and take at least three weeks to recover. With Paul it took five days and four Scenar treatments to get back to normal. On day 1, I could barely walk. On day 3, I took the dog for a one-hour walk."

 

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Barry Chapman, Designer, Hove, Sussex (Polymyalgia)

"I would recommend anybody with health challenges to talk to Paul. I had a combination of polymyalgia, extremely sore feet, low energy and limited mobility. I thought I had tried everything and had resigned myself to sliding down the slippery slope. Paul, his guidance and treatments, gave me hope when I had none, and for this I am extremely thankful. I've adjusted my lifestyle and diet and worked hard. I am now fit, energetic and strong."

 

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Angela Gilroy, Media Designer, London (Sciatica + Spondylosis)

"When I hurt my lower back, the pain made it impossible to move my right leg backwards when walking, so I had to shuffle. Paul Lowe gave me a brief Scenar treatment that night and I felt some relief immediately and got a good night's sleep. The next morning he gave me a full back treatment, and this produced a major change. It still felt a little tender but I could walk around almost normally."

 

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Marco Crivello, Artist, Lewes, Sussex (Shoulder + Back Pain)

"I had acute pain in my right shoulder. I tried osteopathy and cranio-sacral over several weeks, but with negligible results. Paul treated me with Scenar daily for four days, and by the end I was pain-free. On another occasion, I was in acute pain months after Achilles tendon surgery -- after one treatment from Paul, the pain went away. I also threw my back out twice. Each time, one Scenar treatment was enough to put it back to normal."

 

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Stephanie Davies-Arai, Sculptor, Lewes, Sussex (Sciatica)

"I was rushed to hospital on three occasions and given four strong painkillers including morphine. I finally collapsed at work in agony, unable to walk. After 10 daily treatments with Paul, I was able to stop the painkillers and drive 80 miles to a work event."

Six months followup: "I'm still pain free."

 

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Phil Turtle, Company Director, Brighton  (Fracture, Surgical Wound)

"I broke the humerus bone in my arm and had it operated on, in January 2014. I then had frequent Scenar and pulsed electromagnetic field treatments from Paul Lowe and quickly regained use of the arm. Five weeks after the operation, I saw my consultant and he was obviously shocked at how 'back to normal' my arm was at such an early stage." 

 

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Dolores Goodey, School Teacher,  Newhaven, Sussex  (Chronic Whiplash Pain)

"It works, and I tried everything. I have more energy and I'm sleeping well. I used to get aches all the way down my back but not now. I'm also impressed that the treatments had such long lasting effects."

 

Plesae note: These testimonials are from real individuals but since every individual is unique, there is no guarantee that others will experience the same results.